When she was young, Yazmin Rico’s house in Mexico — her home country — neighbored a pair of railroad tracks.
Sometimes when she played outside, she saw people latched onto a train as it ferried them toward the United States. At the time, she didn’t understand what they were doing.
But now she knows all too well.
“When I grew up, things started making sense,” she said.
The little girl who watched people desert everything just for the less-than-certain chance at a better life in a foreign land ultimately took the same leap. No, she didn’t hitchhike on a train. But she did migrate here 15 years ago. Burlington became home for the then 13-year-old. Through determination, a splash of luck and the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, Rico, 28, is now a Masters student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Enacted in 2012 by President Barack Obama, DACA grants work permits and protection from deportation for people who came to the United States undocumented when they were 16 years old or younger. But for thousands, that reality quickly blurred. In September, Attorney General Jeff Sessions relayed President Donald Trump’s message that DACA will soon end. If Congress fails to legislate a deal before March, 5, more than 800,000 people like Rico could be stripped from a country they consider home through no choice of their own.
And as Elon University, the biggest university near Rico’s hometown, attempts to address this issue, she had one message for the students and administration: Think creatively to show solidarity.
The stakes are too high for you not to, she said.
“Every college student has the power to make a difference,” Rico said. “At a private school, it may be easy to stay in that bubble. But Burlington is your community and this is your home now. And you might not realize it, but undocumented immigrants are everywhere.”
Yazmin Rico presents a series of old photographs from her personal collection including images of her parents, grandparents and herself. [Caroline Brehman/ENN]
Home but not home at the same time
Despite "being everywhere,” Rico said Burlington wasn’t a hospitable nurturing ground.
According to federal data, the government approved 27, 385 DACA applications in North Carolina, the seventh-largest deferral population in the country. The Migration Policy Institute also estimates more than 66,000 people are eligible for DACA deferrals here.
But Rico said these overwhelming numbers don’t promise a favorable experience for immigrants — especially in Burlington.
In 2000, 72.6 percent of Burlington residents were white, according to the United States Census Bureau. Only 6.8 percent of residents were Hispanic. And 15 years later, the numbers are still skewed. Fifty percent of Burlington residents were white in 2015, while only 7 percent were Hispanic.
Rico said being a vast minority in a rural town made her paranoid. Some of her friends were deported. And recently, deportations in Burlington spiked. “Unusually intense” immigration raids occurred in 11 cities nationwide in February within a 48-hour span — including Burlington.
Microaggressions and stereotypes exist everywhere, Rico said. But she said she thinks Burlington may be on the severe side.
“Burlington is home — it’s where I grew up and I know those streets,” Rico said. “But at the same time, there is fear. When you walk into some places there is a different perception. In my opinion, Alamance county just isn’t as accepting. I felt like an outsider and I lived there for more than 10 years.”
Yazmin Rico surrounds herself with old photographs of her family and personal moments as she reflects on her journey of growing up in Burlington after leaving her native country of Mexico at the age of 13. [Caroline Brehman | ENN]
It wasn’t until high school when Rico noticed these things.
When she was 15, she tried getting her driver’s license. Being undocumented toughened the process, though. Instead of flying, she took a bus or train on cross country trips out of fear of being detained at the airport.
She couldn’t study abroad or secure desired internships because she lacked a Social Security number. She “found a way to make it work” and graduated from Walter Williams High School in Burlington in 2007.
But finding a college presented another gamut of challenges.
“In high school, I was an honors student and did pretty well,” Rico said. “But being undocumented meant I had to pay out of state tuition, which made college kind of impossible.”
Coming out of the shadows
Rico attended Guilford College from 2007-2011. Other colleges were either too expensive or were unaccepting toward undocumented immigrants. Undocumented students are inelligbale for Federal financial aid.
But when Obama enacted DACA, she said a weight lifted. Finally, she said she was able to live without fear of being deported.
Applying for the program is a stringent process. Applicants can’t be convicted felons, can’t have serious misdemeanors and must be working toward a degree. After she passed in 2012, Rico said she and people like her were given a new life.
“Once you are given an opportunity to come out of the shadows, it is life changing,” Rico said.
Trump’s candidacy changed her excitement into fear, though. After he descended his gilded escalator at Trump Tower and called Mexicans “rapists” while announcing his campaign in 2015, she was stunned. His rhetoric on the campaign trail was just as shocking. By the time Sessions announced the suspension of DACA, she wasn’t surprised anymore.
“I honestly saw this coming from the first time he spoke as a candidate,” Rico said. “When he didn’t touch the program when he first got into office, I was shocked. But sooner or later I thought something would happen.”
Engaging as a campus
Sylvia Munoz understands Rico’s fear. And while she doesn’t know her, she’s created conversation about this topic on campus to help people facing a similar situation.
As Associate Director of the Center for Race, Ethnicity and Diversity Education and Director of the Spanish Center, she works everyday to make Elon more inclusive. While the majority of Elon’s students are white, Munoz said it’s important the campus understands this is a universal problem.
At Elon, Greg Zaiser, vice president of enrollment, said student candidates are judged solely on their academic record and extracurricular profile, not their documentation status. And citing student privacy, Elon wouldn’t release the number of undocumented students on campus — or if there were any. But both Elon President Leo Lambert and SGA released statements condemning DACA’s recension, showing they care about this issue.
Munoz still wants to do more, though.
Elon students listen intently during a DACA panel Sept. 15. Photo by Jackie Pascale.
“If we don’t do anything in six months, 800,000 people will be at risk of being deported,” Munoz said. “That is a huge number. There is a really horrible narrative around these people and we need to create a counternarrative around these people.”
Munoz was instrumental in facilitating a panel discussing DACA with program recipients and Elon experts Sept.15 in LaRose Digital Theater. Seats overflowed as students, faculty and community members listened to the social, political and economical implications of DACA’s suspension.
If all of North Carolina’s DACA workers were deported, the state could face $1.2 billion in lost revenue, according to the Center for American Progress. But besides the numerical losses, the emotional effect is also severe. Heather Scavone, director of the Humanitarian Immigration Law Clinic and assistant professor of law, has helped more than 1,600 refugees and asylum seekers with legal assistance since 2010. She said she entered this field to serve those who need it, and her work is needed now more than ever.
“These are some of the most desperate people out there,” Scavone said. “We’re working with some really vulnerable people and I want to help them.”
Zaiser said it is too soon to speculate the implications Elon will face if DACA is indeed rescinded. But he said Lambert has joined other higher education and business leaders to craft new policies during the next several months.
Besides her own personal story, Rico works to solve this problem as a policy intern for the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).
Rico said she is proud of Elon and its students for tackling this problem head on. But she charged Elon students to continue this fight.
The stakes are still too high, she said.
“That is really encouraging,” she said. “It shows that college students are using the power that we have. Now we just have to keep going.”